Our work contributes to the wider body of knowledge on adaptation through the publication of research reports, working papers, and articles in academic journals. Some of these knowledge proucts are the outputs of specific assignments undertaken on behalf of our clients, while others are the result of collaborations with colleagues active in adaptation research and practice. The publications listed below are the outputs of Garama contracts, or formally acknowledge Garama’s authorial input. Links to outputs are provided where these are in the public domain.

Beauchamp, E., Leiter, T., Pringle, P., Brooks, N., Masud, S., & Guerdat, P. 2024. Toolkit for monitoring, evaluation, and learning for National Adaptation Plan processes. NAP Global Network & Adaptation Committee. International Institute for Sustainable Development. (download from NAP Global Network).

Beauchamp, E., Marsac, C., Brooks, N., D’Errico, S. and Benson, N. 2022. From what works to what will work. Integrating climate risks into sustainable development evaluation — a practical guide. IIED, London. (download from IIED).

Brooks, N., Opitz-Stapleton, S., Daoust, G., Jobbins, G. and Mayhew, L. 2022. Rethinking climate-security narratives: integrating systemic disaster risk management in development. Advisory Report, October 2022. ODI, GIZ. (pdf)

Holmes, S., Brooks, N., Daoust, G., Osborne, R., Griffith, H., Waterson, A., Fox, C., Buonomo, E. and Jones, R. 2022. Climate risk report for the Sahel region. Met Office, ODI, FCDO. (pdf)

Taylor, M., Eriksen, S., Vincent, K., Brooks, N., Scoville-Simonds, M. and Schipper, E. L. F. 2022. Putting ‘vulnerable groups’ at the centre of adaptation interventions by promoting transformative adaptation as a learning process. Report submitted to the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation, April 2022. NMBU Sustainability Series No.1 (download from NMBU).

Venable, L., Brooks, N. and Vincent, K. 2022. Lessons for measuring resilience from the BRACC programme, NIRAS and Kulima, February 2022 (download from Kulima).

Eriksen, S., Schipper, E. L. F., Scoville-Simonds, M., Vincent, K., Adam, H. N., Brooks, N., Harding, B., Khatri, D., Lenaerts, L., Liverman, D., Mills-Novoa, M., Mosberg, M., Movik, S., Muok, B., Nightingale, A., Ojha, H., Sygna, L., Taylor, M., Vogel, C. and West, J. J. 2021. Adaptation interventions and their effect on vulnerability in developing countries: help, hindrance or irrelevance? (download from publisher).

Brooks, N. 2020 Shifting Norms and Values for Transitions to Net-Zero. Working Paper, Climate-KIC, November 2020 (download from Climate-KIC)

Brooks, N., Clarke, J., Wambui Ngaruiya, G. and Wangui, E. 2020 African Heritage in a Changing Climate. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 55 (3): 297-328. DOI: 10.1080/0067270X.2020.1792177 (link) (pdf)

Barrett, S., Brooks, N., Quadrianto, N., Anderson, S., Nebsu, B., 2019. Measuring climate resilience by linking shocks to development outcomes. Climate and Development 1–12 (link).

Brooks, N., Anderson, S., Aragon, I. et al. 2019. Framing and Tracking 21st Century Climate Adaptation: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning for Paris, the SDGs and Beyond. IIED Technical Paper. IIED, London (pdf).

Brooks, N., Faget, D. and Heijkoop, P. 2019. Tools for Measurement of Resilience in Nepal: Literature Review. DAI Europe (pdf).

Brooks, N. 2017. Adaptation and Resilience Learning from the Kenya StARCK+ Programme. DAI/UKAid (pdf).

Brooks, N. 2017. Transformational Adaptation: Concepts, Examples, and their relevance to Agriculture, in Eastern and Southern Africa. Discussion paper for Vuna programme (pdf).

Gerlitz, J-Y., Macchi, M., Brooks, N., Pandey, R., Banerjee, S. and Kumar Jha, S. 2017. The Multidimensional Livelihood Vulnerability Index – an instrument to measure livelihood vulnerability to change in the Hindu Kush Himalayas, Climate and Development, 9:2, 124-140, DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2016.1145099. (pdf)

Sonwa, D.J., Dieye, A., El Mzouri, E-H., Majule, A., Mugabe, F. T., Omolo, N., Wouapi, H., Obando,n J. and Brooks, N. 2017. Drivers of climate risk in African agriculture, Climate and Development, 9:5, 383-398, DOI: 10.1080/17565529.2016.1167659 (pdf)

Karani, I., Brooks, N. and Fisher, S. 2015. Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development: a manual for local planning. IIED Toolkit, London. ISBN: 978-1-78431-174-2 (pdf).

Brooks, N. 2014. Indicators for the monitoring and evaluation of adaptation. IIED Briefing Note (pdf).

Brooks, N. 2014. Using wellbeing indicators and climate information to assess adaptation effectiveness. IIED Briefing Note(pdf).

Brooks, N. and Fisher, S. 2014. Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development: A Step-by-Step Guide. IIED Technical Report, December 2014 (pdf).

Brooks, N. and Whiteside, M. 2014. Methodology for Reporting Against KPI 4: Number of People with Improved Resilience as a Result of Project Support. Technical Guidance for the UK International Climate Fund Key Performance Indicators. DFID/HMG. (pdf).

Brooks, N., Aure, E. and Whiteside, M. 2014. Assessing the impact of ICF programmes on household and community resilience to climate variability and climate change. Evidence on Demand. DOI: (pdf).

Rai, N., Brooks, N. and Nash, E. 2014. Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development: a manual for national governments Manual for National Governments. IIED Toolkit, London. ISBN: 978-1-78431-187-2 (pdf).

Brooks, N., Anderson, S., Burton, I. Fisher, S., Rai, N. and Tellam, I. 2013. An Operational Framework for Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development. IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. 5 (pdf).